he Ambala District has claims of being one of the Historical famous Districts of Haryana State . The District was explored during British period by A.C.Cunningham and C.Rodgers and later by B.B.Lal and many others. On the basis of various literary and archeological evidences it is possible to give an outline of culture and History of Ambala District.The earliest literacy reference to the region comprising the Ambala District in the Taittiriya Aranayaka which mentions Turghna as the bordering region towards the North of Kurukshetra. This locality identified with Shrughna Sugh also finds mention in Panini (Ancient Indian Literature). It is surmised that Ambala District to have been founded by Amba Rajput during the 14th century AD. Another version is that the name is made of Amba Wala or the mango-village judging from mango groves that existed in its immediate neighborhood. Still another version is that the District has taken its name after goddess “Bhawani Amba” whose Temple still exists in Ambala city.
The earliest inhabitants of district were a primitive people using stone tools of lower palaeolithic Age. These tools were found at various sites in the district like Tarlokpur etc. Unfortunately this district has not yielded any pre Harappan or mature Harappan site. However there has been some satisfactory evidence in kins of late Harappan. The Various evidence specially that of painted Grey ware pottery support the fact that the Aryans also inhabited the region. The Ambala region was included in the Kingdom of Pandava and there successors.The Edicts of Ashoka Chiefly Topara edicts and stupas at Singh and Chaneti associate this district with Maurayan Empire which further add to the district with Mauryan Empire adding to the importance of place. The discovering of Sunga Terralottas suggests that they held this area. Several coins of menander have also been recovered from the area.Ambala is an Agricultural/Industrial district in the north central part of Haryana.Present day ambala however, offers an imagery of lush fields,Wheat, Basmati, industrial landscape, educated service class, and a quiet and peaceful city.
Ambala has four sub divisions, Ambala City,Ambala Cantt,Barara and Naraingarh which contains four tehsils (Ambala City,Ambala Cantt,Barara and Naraingarh) ,three sub tehsils(Shahzadpur,Mullana,Saha)